• It is known as HYPERTEXT because it combines all the media.
  • MARKUP because it makes use of tags (elements).
  • HTML file is also known as web page.
  • An HTML file is a text file containing small markup tags.
  • The markup tags tell the web browser how to display the page.
  • An HTML file must have an htm or html file extension.
  • An HTML file can be created using a simple text editor.
  • Tags always written within<> brackets.
  • Tags can be categorized into Empty & Container.
    • Empty tags are those which do not have their closing tag.Ex.<br>
    • Container tags are those which have their closing tag.Ex.<h1>.
    • There are certain tags that can function like Empty as well as container.Ex.- <p>

Example 1

				<html>				</html>

Example 2

                    <head> <title></title> </head>
                   This is the break<br / >
                     Here used break element 


This is the break
Here used break element


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